On 1 July 1867, with passage of the British North America Act, the Dominion of Canada was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire.
Canada Day, formerly known as Dominion Day, is the national day of Canada. A federal statutory holiday, it celebrates the anniversary of Canadian Confederation which occurred on 1 July 1867.
From 1867, as a British dominion, the united provinces were no longer a colony, and Canada was free to act like its own country with its own laws and parliament. It also gained financial independence and the responsibility to defend itself.
In 1931, England put Canada on equal footing with other Commonwealth countries through the Statute of Westminster, which essentially gave its dominions full legal freedom and equal standing with England and one another.
Canada’s constitution was approved by the British Parliament on 25 March 1982, and proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth II on 17 April 1982, making Canada wholly independent.
25.1 - 779,189