Monarchs of Scotland

The Kings and Queens of Scotland

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The First King of Scotland was Kenneth MacAlpin, who reigned from either 843 or 848 to 858. He was born in 810 and died on 13 February 858.
Kenneth MacAlpin, the First King of Scotland, is listed as the 33rd Great Grandfather to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
List of Monarchs of Scotland..

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The Monarchs of Scotland.

The first King of Scotland is said to be Kenneth MacAlpin, who reigned as King of Scotland from 843 to 858.
He is said to have claimed the kingdoms of the Picts and the Gaels, in the area that became Scotland.


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  • Kenneth MacAlpin. Reigned: 843 or 848 to 858. Born: 810 and Died: 13 February 858. Son of Alpín mac Echdach and ?. Married to: ?. 33rd Great Grandfather to Queen Elizabeth II
  • Donald I.Reigned: 858 to 862. Born: 812 and Died: 13 April 862. Son of Alpín mac Echdach and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Constantine I. Reigned: 862 to 877. Born: and Died: 877. Son of Kenneth I, King of the Picts and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Áed. Reigned: 877 to 878. Born: and Died: 878. Son of Cináed mac Ailpín and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Giric. Reigned: 878 to 889. Born: and Died: 890. Son of ? and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Donald II. Reigned: 889 to 900. Born: and Died: 900. Son of Constantín mac Cináeda, King of the Picts and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Constantine II. Reigned: 900 to 943. Born: and Died: 952. Son of Áed, King of the Picts and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Malcolm I. Reigned: 943 to 954. Born: and Died: 954. Son of Donald II, King of Scots and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Indulf. Reigned: 954 to 962. Born: and Died: 962. Son of Constantine II, King of Alba and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Dub. Reigned: 962 to 967. Born: c928 and Died: 967. Son of Malcolm I, King of Alba and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Cuilén. Reigned: 967 to 971. Born: and Died: 971. Son of Illulb mac Custantín and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Amlaíb. Reigned: 973 to 977. Born: and Died: 977. Son of Illulb mac Custantín and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Kenneth II. Reigned: 971 to 995. Born: and Died: 995. Son of Malcolm I, King of Alba and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Constantine III. Reigned: 995 to 997. Born: c970 and Died: 977. Son of Cuilén, King of Alba and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Kenneth III. Reigned: 997 to 1005. Born: c966 and Died: 25 March 1005. Son of Dub, King of Alba and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Malcolm II. Reigned: 1005 to 1034. Born: c 954 and Died: 25 November 1034. Son of Kenneth II and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Duncan I. Reigned: 1034 to 1040. Born: 1001 and Died: 14 August 1040. Son of Crínán of Dunkeld and Bethoc. Married to: Suthen Sibylla of Northumbria.
  • Macbeth. Reigned: 1040 to 1057. Born: c 1005 and Died: 15 August 1057. Son of Findláech and ?. Married to: ?.
  • Lulach. Reigned: 1057 to 1058. Born: c 1033 and Died: 17 March 1058. Son of Gille Coemgáin of Moray and Gruoch ingen Boite of Scotland. Married to: ?.
  • Malcolm III. Reigned: 1058 to 1093. Born: 1031 and Died: 13 November 1093. Son of Duncan I of Scotland and Suthen Sibylla of Northumbria. Married to: Margaret of Wessex.
  • Donald III. Reigned: 1093 to 1094. Born: 1032 and Died: 1099. Son of Duncan I of Scotland and Suthen Sibylla of Northumbria. Married to: ?.
  • Duncan II. Reigned: 1094 to 1094. Born: 1060 and Died: 12 November 1094. Son of Malcolm III, King of Alba and Ingibiorg Finnsdottir. Married to: ?.
  • Donald III. Reigned: 1094 to 1097. Born: 1032 and Died: 1099. Son of Duncan I of Scotland and Suthen Sibylla of Northumbria. Married to: ?.
  • Edgar. Reigned: 1097 to 1107. Born: c1074 and Died: 8 January 1107. Son of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret of Wessex. Married to: ?.
  • Alexander I. Reigned: 1107 to 1124. Born: 1078 and Died: 23 April 1124. Son of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret of Wessex. Married to: ?.
  • David I. Reigned: 1124 to 1153. Born: c1084 and Died: 24 May 1153. Son of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret of Wessex. Married to: ?.
  • Malcolm IV. Reigned: 1153 to 1165. Born: 1141 and Died: 9 December 1165. Son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria and Ada de Warenne. Married to: ?.
  • William I. Reigned: 1165 to 1214. Born: c 1143 and Died: 4 December 1214. Son of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne. Married to: ?.

The Flag of Scotland, the St Andrew’s Cross or the Saltire, appears to have been first used in the Kingdom of Scotland in 1180 during the reign of William I.

  • Alexander II. Reigned: 1214 to 1249. Born: 24 August 1198 and Died: 6 July 1249 . Son of William I the Lion and Ermengarde de Beaumont. Married to: ?.
  • Alexander III. Reigned: 1249 to 1286. Born: 4 September 1241 and Died: 19 March 1286. Son of Alexander II and Marie de Coucy. Married to: ?.
  • Margaret. Reigned: 1286 to 1290. Born: 9 April 1283 and Died: 26 September 1290. Son of Eric II of Norway and Margaret of Scotland. Unmarried. granddaughter of King Alexander III
  • First Interregnum: 1290 to 1292.
  • John Balliol. Reigned: 1292 to 1296. Born: c 1249 and Died: c. 25 November 1314. Son of John I de Balliol and Dervorguilla of Galloway. Married to: Isabella de Warenne.
  • Second Interregnum: 1296 to 1306. 
  • Robert I. Reigned: 1306 to 1329. Born: 11 July 1274 and Died: 7 June 1329. Son of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale and Marjorie, Countess of Carrick. Married to: Isabella of Mar and Elizabeth de Burgh.
  • David II. Reigned: 1329 to 1371. Born: 5 March 1324 and Died: 22 February 1371 . Son of Robert I of Scotland and Elizabeth de Burgh. Married to: Joan of England.
  • Robert II. Reigned: 1371 to 1390. Born: 2 March 1316 and Died: 19 April 1390. Son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce. Married to: Elizabeth Mure.
  • Robert III. Reigned: 1390 to 1406. Born: c 1338 and Died: 4 April 1406. Son of Robert II of Scotland and Elizabeth Mure. Married to: Anabella Drummond. Born as John Stewart
  • James I. Reigned: 1406 to 1437. Born: 1394 and Died: 21 February 1437. Son of Robert III of Scotland and Annabella Drummond. Married to: Joan Beaufort.
  • James II. Reigned: 1437 to 1460. Born: 16 October 1430 and Died: 3 August 1460. Son of James I and Joan Beaufort. Married to: Mary of Guelders.
  • James III. Reigned: 1460 to 1488. Born: 1452 and Died: 11 June 1488. Son of James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders. Married to: Margaret of Denmark.
  • James IV. Reigned: 1488 to 1513. Born: 17 March 1473 and Died: 9 September 1513. Son of James III of Scots and Margaret of Denmark. Married to: Margaret Tudor.
  • James V. Reigned: 1513 to 1542. Born: 10 April 1512 and Died: 14 December 1542. Son of James IV, King of Scots and Margaret of England. Married to: Madeleine of Valois.
  • Mary I. Reigned: 1542 to 1567. Born: 8 December 1542 and Died: 8 February 1587. Son of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Married to: François II, King of France.
  • James VI. Reigned: 1567 to 1625. Born: 19 June 1566 and Died: 27 March 1625. Son of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Mary, Queen of Scots. Married to: Anne of Denmark.
  • Charles I. Reigned: 1625 to 1649. Born: 19 November 1600 and Died: 30 January 1649. Son of James VI of Scotland and I of England and Anne of Denmark. Married to: Henrietta Maria of France.
  • Charles II. Reigned: 1649 to 1651. Born: 29 May 1630 and Died: 6 February 1685. Son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Married to: Catherine of Braganza.
  • Third Interregnum (Commonwealth of England): 1651 to 1660
  • Charles II. Reigned: 1660 to 1685. Born: 29 May 1630 and Died: 6 February 1685. Son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Married to: Catherine of Braganza.
  • James VII. Reigned: 1685 to 1688. Born: 14 October 1633 and Died: 16 September 1701. Son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Married to: Anne Hyde.
  • Mary II. Reigned: 1689 to 1694. Born: 30 April 1662 and Died: 28 December 1694. Son of James II & VII and Anne Hyde. Married to: St James’s Palace.
  • William II. Reigned: 1689 to 1702. Born: 4 November 1650 and Died: 8 March 1702. Son of William II, Prince of Orange and Mary, Princess Royal. Married to: ?.
  • Anne. Reigned: 1702 to 1707. Born: 6 February 1665 and Died: 1 August 1714. Son of James II & VII and Anne Hyde. Married to: George of Denmark.

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