European countries not in EU.


European countries that are not EU members.

How many countries are in Europe?

The 23 European countries that are NOT members of the EU are:

  1. Albania, applied in 2009.
  2. Andorra
  3. Armenia
  4. Azerbaijan
  5. Belarus
  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina, applied in 2016.
  7. Georgia
  8. Iceland
  9. Kosovo, in process to apply.
  10. Liechtenstein
  11. Moldova
  12. Monaco
  13. Montenegro, applied in 2008.
  14. North Macedonia, applied in 2004.
  15. Norway
  16. Russia
  17. San Marino
  18. Serbia, applied in 2009
  19. Switzerland
  20. Turkey, applied in 1987 (EEC)
  21. Ukraine
  22. United Kingdom
  23. Vatican City

The 27 European countries that are members of the EU are:

  1. Austria,
  2. Belgium,
  3. Bulgaria,
  4. Croatia,
  5. Republic of Cyprus,
  6. Czech Republic,
  7. Denmark,
  8. Estonia,
  9. Finland,
  10. France,
  11. Germany,
  12. Greece,
  13. Hungary,
  14. Ireland,
  15. Italy,
  16. Latvia,
  17. Lithuania,
  18. Luxembourg,
  19. Malta,
  20. Netherlands,
  21. Poland,
  22. Portugal,
  23. Romania,
  24. Slovakia,
  25. Slovenia,
  26. Spain,
  27. Sweden.

Those two figures add up to 50.

The European Union (EU) says there are 50, of which 27 countries are members of the EU, and 23 are not.

Others say there are 47, 49 or 51 countries in Europe.

Why is 49 countries in Europe a popular choice?

The UN says there are 44 countries in Europe, but these 5 countries are not recognised by the UN.

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Cyprus
Georgia
Kosovo

So, the UN’s 44, plus those 5 make 49.

Are Turkey and Russia in Europe?

  • 95% of Turkey is in Asia, only 5% in Europe.
  • 77% of Russia is in Asia, only 23% in Europe.

If you add Turkey and Russia, the number becomes 51. But Asia then loses two very large countries.

Why is it so confusing?


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