2011 Census, Population and Household Estimates for the United Kingdom

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On census night, 27th March 2011, the population of the UK was estimated to be 63.2 million.


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  • There were 31 million men and 32.2 million women in the UK.
  • The estimated populations of the four constituent countries of the UK are 53 million people in England, 5.3 million in Scotland, 3.1 million in Wales and 1.8 million in Northern Ireland.
  • The population of the UK increased by 4.1 million (7 per cent) between 2001 and 2011.
  • The population of the UK aged 65 and over was 10.4 million (16 per cent of the UK population) in 2011, 9.4 million in 2001 (16 per cent) and 2.2 million in 1911 (5 per cent).

England and Wales key points:

  • On census night the population in England and Wales was 56.1 million, 53.0 million in England and 3.1 million in Wales. This was the largest the population had ever been.
  • The population of England and Wales grew by 3.7 million in the 10 years since the last census, rising from 52.4 million in 2001, an increase of 7.1 per cent. This was the largest growth in the population in England and Wales in any 10-year period since census taking began, in 1801.
  • The median age of the population in England and Wales was 39. For men, the median age was 38 and for women it was 40. In 1911, the median age was 25.
  • The percentage of the population aged 65 and over was the highest seen in any census at 16.4 per cent, that is one in six people in the population was 65 and over.
  • There were 430,000 residents aged 90 and over in 2011 compared with 340,000 in 2001 and 13,000 in 1911.
  • In 2011, there were 3.5 million children under five in England and Wales, 406,000 more than in 2001.

Wales

  • On census night the population in Wales was 3.06 million. This was the largest the population had ever been.
  • The population grew by 153,300 in the 10 years since the last census, rising from 2.9 million in 2001, an increase of 5.3 per cent. This was the largest growth in the population, between censuses, since 1921.
  • The median age of the population in Wales was 41. For men, the median age was 40 and for women it was 42. This was two years greater than the median age of 39 across England and Wales in 2011. In 1911, the median age across England and Wales was 25.
  • The percentage of the population in Wales aged 65 and over was the highest seen in any census at over 18 per cent, a total of 563,000 people.
  • There were 25,000 residents in Wales aged 90 and over in 2011, compared with 19,000 in 2001 and 700 in 1911.
  • In 2011, there were 178,000 children under five in Wales, 11,000 more than in 2001.

Scotland

  • The population of Scotland on Census Day, 27 March 2011, was 5,295,000 – the highest ever.
  • There were 2,567,000 men (48.5%) and 2,728,000 women (51.5%)
  • The population per square kilometre ranged from nine in Eilean Siar and Highland to 3,395 in Glasgow.

Northern Ireland

  • The population of Northern Ireland on Census Day, 27 March 2011, was 1,810,863
  • 49% (887,000) were male and 51% female (923,000).
  • 1,431,540 were aged 16 or over
  • The median age of the population was 37.
  • 88.84% were born in NI, 3.57% born in England, 0.85% born in Scotland, 0.14% born in Wales and 2.09% born in Republic of Ireland.
  • Other than English, the top 3 languages spoken were: Polish 1.02%, Lithuanian 0.36% and Irish (Gaelic) 0.24%
  • 24% of the population were children aged under 16 years and 16% were aged 65 years and over 

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