Finland and WW2

What side was Finland on in WWII

On 30 November 1939, after Finland declined a 30-year lease to the Soviet Union for a naval base at Hanko, in exchange for Soviet land, almost half a million Soviet troops invaded Finland.

Finland resisted as best as they could, but with over a million Soviet troops eventually entering Finland, the country was forced to sign the Treaty of Moscow on 12 March 1940, which ceded 11 per cent of its territory to the Soviet Union.

In 1941, when Germany turned against its Russian ally, Finland saw in Hitler a possible ally in gaining back its lost territory. German troops arrived in Finland and took up positions, from where they would invade the Soviet Union.

In June 1944, the Finnish president, Risto Ryti, resigned, and was replaced by Gustaf Mannerheim, who immediately sued for an armistice with the Soviet Union. This was signed on 19 September 1944, and Finland agreed to the terms of the 1940 Treaty of Moscow, and to throw all German troops off Finnish soil. Finland then declared war with Germany on 3 March 1945.

About 30 months after the Armistice, the formal end of the Soviet-Finnish conflict came to a conclusion with the signing of a peace treaty in February 1947.


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