Volcanoes of the World

The Volcano with the most perfect Conical shape in the world is Mount Mayon in the Philippines, it is an active volcano on the northern boundary of Legazpi City, in the province of Albay.

Mount Mayon Volcano February 2013

  • Mount Mayon Volcano is an active Stratovolcano in the Philippines, with a height of 2,462 metres (8,077 ft). Mount Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines, with over 50 recorded eruptions since 1600. The 1814 eruption killed over 2,200 people. The last eruption of Mount Mayon to cause compulsory evacuation of the area was in December 2009. About 5,000 have died from Mount Mayon activities since 1814, with over 1,200 after the 2006 eruption. On 7th May 2013 another 5 died when a rock slide, caused when the mountain spewed ash and steam inside the 6 km permanent danger zone, caught the hikers unexpectedly. The Philippine authorities reiterate their warning that entry into the Danger Zone is not recommended, and those that enter, do so at their own risk.
  • Mount Yasur is an active volcano in Vanuatu with a height of 361 metres (1,184 ft) above sea level. It’s last eruption was in 2008.
  • The Cotopaxi volcano is an active volcano in Ecuador, South America, with a height of 5,897 metres (19,347 ft). It has had more than 50 eruptions since 1738, with the last one recorded in 1940. The last significant eruption of Cotopaxi took place in  1904. www.volcano.si.edu
  • Mount Bromo is an active volcano in East Java, with a height of 2,329 metres (7,641 feet) above sea level. It’s last eruption was in January, 2011.
  • Krakatoa is a volcanic island in Indonesia, with a height of 813 metres ( feet). Mount Krakatoa has had the most violent volcanic event in modern history, when in August, 1883 it erupted killing over 30,000 people.
  • Anak Krakatau is a new Volcanic Island in Indonesia, created from Krakatoa itself, and has been growing at the rate of about 7 metres per year.
  • Arenal Volcano is an active Volcano in Costa Rica, with a height of 1,657 metres above sea level.
  • Mount Etna is an active volcano in Italy, with a height of 3,329 metres (10,922 ft), the second largest in Europe.
  • Osorno Volcano is an active Volcano in Chile, with a height of 2,652 metres (8,701 feet). It’s last eruption was in1848.
  • Mount Vesuvius is an active Volcano in Italy, with a height of 1,281 metres (4,202 ft). This is the volcano famous for the Pompeii destruction in AD 79.
  • Kilauea is an active Volcano in Hawaii, with a height of 1,277 metres (4,190 ft). Kilauea is one of the most active volcanoes on the planet, with over 33 eruptions since 1952. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/kilauea
  • Mount Fuji is an active Stratovolcano in Japan with a height of 3,776 metres (12,388 ft). Although currently classified as active, the last recorded eruption was in 1708.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro is an inactive stratovolcano in Tanzania, Africa, with a height of 5,892 metres (19,331 feet) above sea level.
  • Mt. Agua in Guatemala is a Stratovolcano, with a height of 3,752 metres (12,310ft)
  • Mount Pinatubo is an active Stratovolcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,486 metres (4,875 ft). The last major eruption of Mount Pinatubo was in 1991 causing about 700 deaths. Prior to this eruption it was 1,745 metres (5,725 ft) in height.
  • Nevado del Ruiz is an active Stratovolcano in Nevado del Ruiz in Columbia, with a height of 5,321 metres (17,457 ft). The 1985 eruption caused an estimated 25,000 deaths. Nevado del Ruiz is Columbia’s second most active Volcano.
  • Galeras is the most active volcano in Colombia, with height of 4,276 metres (14,029 ft). The years 2009 and 2010 each recorded at least two eruptions.
  • Mt. Bulusan is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,565 metres (5,135 ft). The last Eruption was in 2011 and Mt Bulusan has had 17 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Kanlaon is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 2,435 metres (7,989 ft). The last Eruption was in 2006 and has had 26 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Pinatubo is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,486 metres (4,875 ft). The last Eruption was in 1991 and has had 3 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Didicas is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 244 metres (801 ft). The last Eruption was in 1978 and has had 6 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Taal is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 400 metres (1,300 ft). The last Eruption was in 1977 and has had 33 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Hibok-Hibok is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,552 metres (5,092 ft). The last Eruption was in 1952 and has had 5 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Biliran (Mt Surio) is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,301 metres (4,268 ft). The last Eruption was in 1939 and has had 1 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Smith is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 688 metres (2,257 ft). The last Eruption was in 1924 and has had 6 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Babuyan Claro is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,080 metres (3,540 ft). The last Eruption was in 1913 and has had 3 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Makaturing is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,940 metres (6,360 ft). The last Eruption was in 1882 and has had 2 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Ragang is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 2,815 metres (9,236 ft). The last Eruption was in 1873 and has had 7 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Musuan is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 646 metres (2,119 ft). The last Eruption was in 1867 and has had 2 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Cagua is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,133 metres (3,717 ft). The last Eruption was in 1860 and has had 1 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Camiguin de Babuyanes is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 712 metres (2,336 ft). The last Eruption was in 1857 and has had 1 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Parker is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,824 metres (5,984 ft). The last Eruption was in 1641 and has had 1 recorded eruptions.
  • Mt. Iraya is an active volcano in the Philippines, with a height of 1,009 metres (3,310 ft). The last Eruption was in 1454 and has had 1 recorded eruptions.


Volcano Types:

Stratovolcanoes, also known as composite cones, are the most picturesque and the most deadly of the volcano types. Their lower slopes are gentle, but they rise steeply near the summit to produce an overall morphology that is concave in an upward direction. The summit area typically contains a surprisingly small summit crater. This classic stratovolcano shape is exemplified by many well-known stratovolcanoes, such as Mt. Fuji in Japan, Mt. Mayon in the Philippines, and Mt. Agua in Guatemala.

Scoria Cone Volcanoes, also known as cinder cones, are the most common type of volcano. They are also the smallest type, with heights generally less than 300 meters.

Shield Volcanoes are broad, low-profile features with basal diameters that vary from a few kilometers to over 100 kilometers (e.g., the Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii).
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/

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