The Enemy Within : A History of Espionage
Author: Terry Crowdy
Publication date 31 Oct 2006
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
To gain the upper hand in conflict, the ability to know what your enemy is planning is vital. Separating myth from reality, “The Enemy Within”, traces the history of espionage from its development in ancient times through to the end of the Cold War and beyond, shedding light on the clandestine activities that have so often tipped the balance in times of war. From the Monkey hanged as a spy during the Napoleonic wars to the British Double Cross Committee in World War II, this journey through the history of espionage shows us that be they thrill seekers or madmen, fanatics or tricksters, no two spies are alike and their fascinating stories are fraught with danger and intrigue.
The Oldest Record of Espionage
The “earliest surviving record of espionage dates from the time of Pharaoh Rameses’ war with the Hittites and the battle of Kadesh. (c.1274 BC)…The Hittite king Muwatallis sent two spies into the Egyptian camp posing as deserters to convince pharaoh that the Hittite army was still quite distant. Rameses believed their story and unwittingly allowed part of his army to march into a Hittite ambush. Fortunately for the pharaoh, he captured two more Hittite spies and had his officers interrogate them … the Hittites spies revealed that an ambush had been set … Ramses was therefore able to bring up reserves and avert disaster at what became known as the battle of Kadesh.”