Donald Trump and Jerusalem, the Capital of Israel
In 1995, the US Congress passed the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995.
The United States Congress recognised Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel in 1995, under the Presidency of Bill Clinton.
It passed the Senate by a 93 to 5 vote, with four Republicans and one Democrat voting No.
The House passed it later that day by a 374-37 vote. 221 Republicans and 153 Democrats voted Yes, 6 Republicans, 30 Democrats and 1 Independent voted No.
In December 2017, the US President, Donald Trump, stated that he recognised Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel. “I have determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. I am also directing the State Department to begin preparation to move the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem...”
US Congress: Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995
Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 – Declares it to be U.S. policy that:
(1) Jerusalem remain an undivided city in which the rights of every ethnic religious group are protected;
(2) Jerusalem be recognized as the capital of the State of Israel; and
(3) the U.S. Embassy in Israel be established in Jerusalem no later than May 31, 1999.
States that, subject to the President’s waiver authority granted below, not more than 50 percent of the funds appropriated for FY 1999 to the Department of State for “Acquisition and Maintenance of Buildings Abroad” may be obligated in the fiscal year until the Secretary of State determines, and reports to the Congress, that the Embassy has opened.
Makes specified amounts of such funds available until expended in FY 1996 and 1997 only for construction and other costs associated with relocating the U.S. Embassy Jerusalem.
Requires the Secretary of State to report to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate on: (1) the Department of State’s plan to implement this Act; and (2) progress made toward opening the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem.
Authorizes the President to suspend for six months (with possible subsequent six-month extensions) the 50 percent limitation on the obligation of funds with respect to the opening of the Embassy if he determines and reports to the Congress that a suspension is necessary to protect the national security interests of the United States.